Central African Republic (C.A.R)

The former French colony of Ubangi-Shari became the Central African Republic upon independence in 1960. After three tumultuous decades of misrule - mostly by military governments - civilian rule was established in 1993 and lasted for one decade. President Ange-Felix PATASSE's civilian government was plagued by unrest, and in March 2003 he was deposed in a military coup led by General Francois BOZIZE, who established a transitional government. Though the government has the tacit support of civil society groups and the main parties, a wide field of candidates contested the municipal, legislative, and presidential elections held in March and May of 2005 in which General BOZIZE was affirmed as president. BOZIZE was reelected in the 2011 elections, which were widely viewed as having gross inaccuracies and discrepancies. The government still does not fully control the countryside, where pockets of lawlessness persist. Militant group Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) continues to affect stability in the Central African Republic as well.

Geography
Situated about 500 mi (805 km) north of the equator, the Central African Republic is a landlocked nation bordered by Cameroon, Chad, the Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the Republic of Congo. The Ubangi and the Shari are the largest of many rivers.

People & Society

Baya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2%
French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages
indigenous beliefs 35%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15%
note: animistic beliefs and practices strongly influence the Christian majority
5,057,208 (July 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 117
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
0-14 years: 41% (male 1,021,144/female 1,007,819)
15-64 years: 55.3% (male 1,353,600/female 1,382,291)
65 years and over: 3.7% (male 73,977/female 111,196) (2011 est.)
total: 19.3 years
male: 18.9 years
female: 19.7 years (2012 est.)
2.142% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 42
36.13 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 25
14.71 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 82
urban population: 39% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 2.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
BANGUI (capital) 702,000 (2009)
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
890 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 4
total: 97.17 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 5
male: 105.04 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 89.06 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)
total population: 50.48 years
country comparison to the world: 216
male: 49.23 years
female: 51.76 years (2012 est.)
4.57 children born/woman (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 28
4.3% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 154
0.08 physicians/1,000 population (2004)
1.2 beds/1,000 population (2006)
4.7% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 16
130,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 36
11,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 25
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2009)
21.8% (2000)
country comparison to the world: 27
1.3% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 159
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 56%
male: 69.3%
female: 43.2% (2010 est.)
total: 7 years
male: 8 years
female: 5 years (2009)